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SIX FARDH IN SALAAT 

  1. TAKBEER- E -TAHRIMA. 
  2. QIYAAMAH (standing) position.
  3. QIRAAT (recitation of at least three Ayats or one long Ayat of the 
    Quran).
  4. RUKU (to bow down). 
  5. Both the SAJDAH (to prostrate). 
  6. Q'ADAH AKHEERAH (to sit so long at the end of the last Rak'ah that one 
    can read the TASHAHHUD). 

14 WAAJIBAAT IN SALAAT 
  1. Fixing the first two Rak'aat of the Fardh Salaat for QIRAAT. 
  2. Reading Sura-e-Fatiha in all the Rak'aat of every Salaat except in the 
    third and fourth Rak'aat of Farz Salaat. 
  3. To recite a Sura or a lengthy Ayat or three small Ayats along with SURA- 
    E-FATIHA in the first two Rak'aat of FARZ Salaat and in all the Rak'aat of 
    WAAJIB, SUNNAT and NAFIL salaat. 
  4. To read SURA-E-FATTHA before any other Sura or Ayat.
  5. To maintain order between QIRAAT, RUKU, SAJDAH and RAK'AAT. 
  6. QAUMAH (standing up erect after Ruku).
  7. JALSAH (sitting between the two SAJDAHS). 
  8. T'ADEEL-E-ARKAAN, i.e. performing RUKU, QUAMA, SAJDAH, JALSAH with 
    tranquility (in calm and good way). 
  9. Q'ADA-E-OOLAA or sitting to the extent of saying TASHAHHUD after two 
    Rak'aat in Salaat of three or four Rakaat. 
  10. To read TASHAHHUD in the two Q'ADAAHS. 
  11. To recite QIRAAT aloud in Fajr, Maghrib, Ishaa, Jumuah, Eid and Taraweeh 
    Salaat in Ramadaan by the Imaam. The Imaam should recite Zuhr and Asr Salaat 
    silently. 
  12. To end the Salaat by saying SALAAM.
  13. To say TAKBEER (Allaahu-Akbar) for QUNOOT in Witr Salaat and also recite 
    DU-AA-E-QUNOOT. 
  14. To say additional TAKBEERS in both Eid Salaats


21 SUNNATS IN SALAAT 

  1. To raise the arms upto the ears before saying the TAKBEER-E-TAHREEMA. 
  2. While raising hands for TAKBEER-E-TAHREEMA, keep both fingers of the both 
    hands raised and faced towards the QIBLA. 
  3. Not to BEND the HEAD when saying the Takbeer.
  4. Saying Takbeer-e-Tahreema and other Takbeers ALOUD by the IMAAM according 
    to the NEED, while going from one RUKN (position) to the other.
  5. To fold the right hand around the left below the navel for men. 
  6. Saying SA'ANA
  7. To recite TA'AWWUZ.  
  8. To recite the complete BISMILLAH.
  9. To recite only SURA-E-FATIHA in the THIRD and FOURTH Rak'ah of FARZ 
    Salaat.
  10. To say Aameen. 
  11. To recite Sa'ana, Ta'awuz and Aameen SOFTLY is SUNNAT for every Salaat.
  12. To say TASBIH at least THREE times each in RUKU and SAJDAH. 
  13. To keep the BACK and HEAD in the SAME LEVEL while holding KNEES with the 
    fingers of both hands in RUKU.
  14. Saying by the Imaam SAMI'ALLAAH HULIMAN HAMIDAH when raising from Rukoo, 
    followed by ALLAAHUMMA RABBANAA WA LAKAL HAMDU by both the Imaam and 
    Muqtadi. The Munfarid should say Tasmee'i and Tahmeed both. 
  15. While going into SAJDAH, FIRST place KNEES, then HANDS, then NOSE, then 
    the FOREHEAD on the GROUND. 
  16. In Q'ADAH or JALSAAH, place the LEFT FOOT on the HORIZONTALLY and 
    sitting. 
  17. To recite as much QIRAAT as upon it and PUTTING the RIGHT FOOT 
    VERTICALLY so that the TOES are towards QIBLA and putting both HANDS on 
    THIGHS.
  18. To MAKE a CIRCLE with the THUMB and MIDDLE FINGER of the right hand and 
    raise the right hand's INDEX FINGER as one say Ash-HADU-ANL-LAA-LAA-HA" in 
    Tashah'hud (AtTahiyyat) and LOWERING it on ILLALLAAH. 
  19. To recite DUROOD SHARIF in Q'ADA AKHEERA after TASHAHHUD. 
  20. To read DU'AA after DUROOD SHARIF 
  21. To turn the FACE for SALAAM towards the RIGHT FIRST and then to the 
    LEFT.  

     
     
5 MUSTAHABBS IN SALAAT 
  1. To pull the palms out of the sleeves while saying TAKBEER-E-TAHREEMA.
  2. Saying Tasbih more than three times in Ruku and in SAJDAH by MUNFARID.
  3. To keep the EYES towards the place of SAJDAH in QIYAAM, at the TOES in 
    RUKU, towards the lap in QA'IDAH and JALSA, and at the SHOULDERS while 
    turning for SALAAM. 
  4. To try best not to COUGH To try and keep the MOUTH CLOSED when YAWNING, 
    but if it is OPENED to COVER it by the UPPER portion of the RIGHT HAND in 
    QIYAAM and by the LEFT HAND in all other postures.