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THE LAST SERMON OF HOLY PROPHET MOHAMMED


All praise is due to Allah, so we praise Him, and seek His pardon and we turn to Him. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and from the evil consequences of our deeds. Whom Allah guides aright there is none to lead him astray; and there is none to guide him aright whom Allah leads astray. I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, the One, having no partner with Him. His is the sovereignty and to Him is due all praise. He grants life and causes death and is Powerful over everything. There is no God but Allah, the One; He fulfilled His promise and granted victory to His bondsman, and He alone routed the confederates(of enemies of Islam).

O people, listen to my words, for I dont know whether we shall ever meet again and perform Hajj after this year. O Ye people Allah say: O people We created you from one male and one female and made you into tribes and nations, so as to be known to one another. Verily in the sight of Allah, the most honoured amongst you is the one who is most God - fearing. There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, nor for the white over the black nor the black over the white except in God-consciousness.

All mankind in the progeny of Adam and Adam was fashioned out of clay. Behold! every claim of privilege whether that of blood or property, is under my heels except that of custody of Kaaba and supplying of water to the pilgrims. O people of Quraish, don't appear (on the Day of judgement) with the burden of this world around your necks, whereas other people may appear (before the Lord) with rewards of the Hereafter. In that case I shall avail you naught against Allah.

Behold! all practice of the days of ignorance are now under my feet. The blood revenges of the days of ignorance are remitted. The first claim on blood I abolish is the of Ibn Rabi'ah bin Harith who was nursed in the tribe of Sa'ad and whom the Hudayls killed. All interest and usurious dues accruing from the times of ignorance stand wiped out. And the first amount of interest that I remit is that which Abbas bin Abd-al Muttalib had to recieve. Very it is remitted entirely.

O people, verily your blood, your property and your honour are sacred and inviolable until you appear before your Lord, as the sacred inviolability of this day yours, this month of yours and this very town(of yours). Verily you will soon meet your Lord and you will be held answerable for your actions.

O people verily you have got certain rights over yours women and your women have certain rights over you. It is your right upon them to honour their conjugal rights, and no to commit acts of impropreity, which if they do, you are authorised by Allah to separate them from your beds and chastise them, but not severely, and if they refrain, then clothe and feed them properly.

Behold! It is not permissible for a woman to give anything from the wealth of her husband to anyone but with his consent.

Treat the women kindly, since they are your helpers and are not in a position to manage their affairs themselves. Fear Allah concerning women, for verily you have taken them on the security of Allah and have made their persons lawful unto you by words of Allah.

O people, Allah, the Mighty and exalted, has ordained to every one his due share (of inheritance). Hence there is need (of special) testament for a heir (departing from the rules laid down by the Shari'ah).

The child belongs to the marriage-bed and the violator of wedlock shall be stoned. And reckoning of their (deeds) rest with Allah.

He who attributes his ancestry to other than his father or claims his clientship to other than his master the curse of Allah is upon him.

All debts must be repaid, all borrowed property must be returned, gifts should be reciprocated and surely must make good the loss to the assured.

Beware. no one committing a crime is responsible for it but himself. Neither the child is responisble fo the crime of his father, nor the father is responsible for the crime of his child.

Nothing of his brother is lawful for a Muslim except what he himself gives willingly. So do not wrong yourselves.

O people, every Muslim is the brother of other Muslim, and all the Muslims form one brotherhood. And your slaves ! see that you feed as you eat yourselves, and clothe them with the clothes that you yourselves wear.

Take heed no to go astray after me, adn strike one another's necks. He who (amongst you) has any trust with him, he must return it to its owner.

O people Listen and obey, though a mangled Abyssinian slave is appointed your Amir, provided he execute (the Ordinanceof) the Book of Allah among you.

O people, No prophet would be raised after me and no new Ummah(would be formed after) you.

Verily I have left amongst you that which will never lead you astray, the Book of Allah, and the Sunnah of His Messenger which if you hold fast you shall never go astray. And beware of transgression of (proper bounds of) religion, that brought destruction to (many people) before you.

Verily, the satan is disappointed at ever being worshipped in this land yours, but if obedience in anything(short of workship is expected that is) : he will be pleased in matters you may be disposed to think insignificant so beware of him in your matters of religion.

Behold, Workship you Lord; offer prayers five times a day; observe fast in the month of Ramadan; pay readily the Zakath(poor due) on your property; and perform pilgrimage to his House of Allah and obey your ruler and you will be admitted to the Paradise of your Lord.

Let him that is present, convey it unto him who is absent. For many people to whom the message is conveyed may be more mindful of it than the audience.

And if you were asked about me, what would you say?

They answered: We bear witness that you have conveyed the trust (of religion) and discharged you ministry of apostlehood and looked to our welfare.

There, upon Allah's Messenger(may peace be upon him) lifted his fore-finger towards the sky and the pointing towards people said:

O Lord : Bear Thou witness unto it.
O Lord : Bear Thou witness unto it.


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